In recent years, various studies have shown links that were not suspected between oral health and general health.
Many hypotheses have yet to be confirmed but the stakes are serious enough to convince us to adopt rigorous oral hygiene and to consult the dentist at least once a year. Even if everything is fine: the vast majority of inflammations of the gums and periodontal diseases settle without painful signs.
Sinusitis? Maybe because of a decay
In some people, the dental roots of the upper jaw are very close to the sinuses. “Hence the possibility that an infection like a caries spreads to the sinus and ignites it in turn. “
Pathogenic bacteria from the mouth can also colonize the lungs. That is why it is recommended, in case of pulmonary infection, to carry out an examination of the oral cavity.
Teeth and back pain, a possible link
At the origin of some back pain or cervicalgia, we sometimes find a dental malocclusion: a bad positioning between the teeth of the top and the bottom. “This imbalance can generate tension throughout the back muscle chain,” says Dr. Mora.
Conversely, a problem of stature, for example a leg slightly longer than the other, can, when there is a muscular fragility, resound up to the jaws and induce dental pain. The treatment will combine sessions of osteopathy and wearing a gutter made by the dentist.
Periodontitis and diabetes, a dangerous connection
“The relationship between diabetes and periodontal disease is established: hyperglycemia promotes the multiplication of oral bacteria and molecules that modify the inflammatory response. And it weakens the defense cells of the body, “says the specialist.
Unbalanced diabetes can weaken the tooth support tissues and expose them to a greater risk of periodontitis.
In contrast, untreated periodontal disease can, by generating inflammatory molecules, increase insulin resistance: blood glucose is then more difficult to control, and the risk of vascular complications is increased.
Heal your teeth to protect your heart
Several studies suggest a relationship between arterial hypertension, cardiovascular risk factor, and periodontitis: one would worsen the other. Moreover, “bacterial aggression could be implicated, alongside other risk factors, in the mechanisms of atherosclerosis. “
The presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis , the bacterium involved in periodontal diseases, has been found in the atheromatous plaque of patients who developed an infarction.
“This does not mean that it is the sole cause of the coronary event, but a study of nearly 10,000 people showed that the risk of heart attack was increased by 25% in men with periodontitis. “
Pregnant, better watch his teeth
An American study revealed it in 1996: pregnant women with periodontitis are 7.5 times more likely to give birth prematurely or to give birth to a baby with a small weight.
” One of the hypotheses evokes the migration of bacteria that cause periodontitis in the vaginal flora through the bloodstream. “ Says Dr. Mora.
Hence the interest for those who have a baby project to consult their dentist: “Treating periodontitis before pregnancy reduces the risk of preterm labor by 60% , “ concludes Dr. Mora.